Hodotermopsis appears to be a relatively rare termite nesting in rotten wood, apparently in a similar way to other Termopsidae. In mainland China, it has been recorded up to at least 900 m (Li, 1982) in coniferous forests from species of Pinus, Fokienia, Cunnighamia, Cryptomeria, Schima and Vaccinium.
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Two species, both dry savannah specialists. H. mossmabicus appears to have an effective limit needing less than 750 mm of rain. Does not normally nest on sand, but can do so when gravel or other harder substrates is introduced by human activity, especially road building. Coaton & Sheasby (1975) discuss detailed distribution patterns of H. mossambicus and from these postulate that climate is more important than soil in influencing distribution patterns.
Wood feeder, common in forests, savannahs and arid areas.
Heterotermes has fixed nest sites in old tree roots, buried logs, or wet buried timber. These sites are often multiple and connected by carton tunnels. In some cases the holding structures are large enough to produce a single central carton nest (Harris, 1971).
In Australia do not build mounds but are found in small colonies adjacent to stumps, logs on the ground, or rotting wood or beside the mounds of other termites (Hadlington, 1987).
Very similar to Coxotermes, recorded from rain forest and moist savannahs in West Africa. Like most of the Apicotermes-group the tunnels and galleries are either loose in the soil or associated with Cubitermes mounds. Workings are lined with faecal material with a 'shagreened' pattern as with other genera in the Apicotermes-group.
Glyptotermes is a predominantly tropical forest inhabitant, although it has been recorded from swamp forests (Johnson et al, 1980) and mangroves (Tho, 1992). It nests predominately in sound standing timber, and is therefore a typical ‘dry wood’ termite. However, it has also been found in fallen dead wood at various stages of decay (in Nigeria, Johnson et al., 1980; Sabah, Thapa, 1981; Eggleton et al., 1998; and Peninsular Malaysia, Tho, 1992).
Nothing is known of the biology of this termite. Its closest living relative appears to be the desert termite Psammotermes. However, the only Glossotermes record is from rainforest at about 700 m. Presumably it is a wood feeder like all other genera within the family.
Recently it has been suggested (Cancello, pers comm.) that Glossotermes may be the sister genus to Serritermes, and so better placed within the Serritermitidae.
Common in the soil at c. 2000 m in Ethiopia. It is generally found under woody litter or in the mounds of Macrotermes. Unusual for African Anoplotermes-group species in having soldiers. Group III feeder.
Although Sands (1998) records Duplidentitermes as being only from Congo (Brazzaville?), it has also been found reasonably commonly in southern Cameroon, predominantly in soil pits, but also in association with Cubitermes mounds. Recorded as having a nest system with oval chambers a few centimetres in extent connected by narrow galleries. The galleries are lined with faecal soil with a shagreened appearance. Group IV feeder.
Rain forest genus probably found in the western part of the Guinea-Congolese block, very closely related to Heimitermes. A common inhabitant of the Mbalmayo Forest Reserve, Cameroon, where it has been found in soil pits and in the mounds of Cubitermes species. Its galleries and chambers are lined with 'shagreend' faecal material. Group IV feeder.
They have been recorded from a wide range of habitats, predominantly rain forest, but also savannah and montane grasslands up to c. 3000 m. They are commonly encountered in soil pits as well as in the mounds of other species (including Cubitermes, Crenetermes and Odontotermes, also check sec occ papers). Two species have been found in low amorphous mounds that they may have built themselves. Group IV feeders.