M. maroccanus, Morocco; M. wasmanni, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt; M. viator, Cape Province, southern Namibia.
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M. viator frequently invades buildings, usually those with walls constructed of raw brick and clay mortar. It does not attack wood, but will eat wallpaper, curtains, thatch. In addition walls are undermined by extensive galleries and tunnels excavated within them, and often waste material is dumped into rooms from holes in the plaster.
Most information is known concerning M. viator (i.e. reviewed in Coaton & Sheasby, 1974), which is found mainly in scrubby vegetation types. Found in regions with rainfall 125 mm - 750 mm, and at latitudes from coastal plain to 1,675 m. The Microhodotermes of the Palaearctic are poorly known biologically.
As with other hodotermitids the timing of foraging is dependent on surface temperatures.