A genus that spans a wide range of Africa (see map). Alyscotermes kilamadjaricus has been found from Gambia to Cape Province up to altitudes of > 2500 m. It nests underground, or in the mounds and nests of other species. It has also been reported to show 'sociotomie' (Grasse & Norot 1951), swarming behaviour where apparently whole colonies move above ground, carrying the queen, apparently looking for a new place to nest. This appear to be in response to attack by doryline ants (Sands 1972). A. kilamandjaricus is highly autrothysic, responding to even the odour of particular ant predators (Sands 1982). Group III feeders.
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