deserts and semi-deserts of North Africa, South-west Asia and the Middle East.
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Found in western parts of north America (south-west Canada, western USA, and north-west Canada) in woodlands. Thorne et al. (1993) discuss the biogeography of the genus.
[Look at Thakur & Sens-Sarma, E. ECON JHA]
Stolotermes occurs in South Africa, Australia (including Tasmania), and New Zealand.
Found throughout north temperate regions.
Porotermes has an apparently anomalous distribution, in central Chile, South Africa, and southern Australia and Tasmania.
M. maroccanus, Morocco; M. wasmanni, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt; M. viator, Cape Province, southern Namibia.
Mastotermes is endemic to Northern Australia, but has been introduced to Papua New Guinea, and apparently to Gebe Island, west of Halmahera in the north Moluccas (Watson & Abbey, 1993). Fossil species have been recorded from the Eocene, Miocene, and Oligocene in southern England (Jarzembowski, 1984), Continental Europe (Grasse, 1985), and Mexico (Krishna & Emerson, 1983).
Hodotermopsis occurs in Southern China, northern Vietnam and the most northerly of the Ryuku Islands (south of Japan).
Hodotermes erythreensis - Eritrea and Somalia; H. mossambicus - Ethiopia to southern Karroid sectors of Cape Province.